UNAFFORDABLE UTAH

No home for tiny homes: Living small hits roadblocks in Utah communities

Sep 22, 2021, 12:47 PM

SALT LAKE CITY — It’s got four wheels, costs about as much as a nice car, and lets you call anywhere home.

Living in a tiny home is an attractive option for many, as the average rent for a two bedroom apartment in Utah has surged to $1,200 per month. But there’s one big problem plaguing tiny home enthusiasts in Utah’s hot housing market: where can they park?

Perks of a Smaller Space

Raven James works and lives in her 320 square foot tiny home

Raven James decided tiny living was for her a little more than a year ago.

“It made a lot more sense to be, one, moveable and not locked into an area, so I can move if I have to with my job,” she explained as we spoke in her tiny home’s kitchen. “Then, two, something that I could afford every aspect of it and not live paycheck to paycheck.”

James had been living in an apartment. Traditional home ownership on her single income salary seemed impossible. That’s when she decided to go tiny. “It’s significantly cheaper than a mortgage,” she said.

In just 320 square feet, James works, cooks, lives, and sleeps for a fraction of the price of a Salt Lake Valley apartment. She was able to find a private landowner in Bluffdale who would allow her to park on their land.

Raven James tiny home interior

All her bills, including her car payment, now total around $1,300 per month.

That same affordability attracted Devin Davis to tiny home living.

“Not only is it affordable,” he said, “it’s energy efficient and everything fits here.”

Davis moved into his tiny home with his two kids about a year ago. “Even though this is a super small footprint of 255 square feet, my kids love to be here,” he said.

Where to Park?

Davis ran into problems Raven did not: finding somewhere to park his home. After his arrangement in Salt Lake County fell through, Davis scrambled.

Devin Davis podcasts from his tiny home

“We made probably 60 to 70 phone calls over the course of a weekend trying to find anything near the Salt Lake valley,” he lamented. “We tried to look up places up Parley’s Canyon. We tried something as far north as Ogden. We tried a lot of different things, and there wasn’t a spot available for a tiny house.”

Eventually Davis found a mobile home park in Tooele, paying $350 per month in lot rent.

He wanted to live closer to his job in Salt Lake City, but there was a big roadblock to that dream becoming reality.

“Zoning largely doesn’t allow it,” he said of the city.

It’s not just Salt Lake City. Many cities and counties along the Wasatch Front do not have a definition for tiny homes in their codes, making them not compliant with land use and building codes.

Davis’ tiny home on wheels

“We’re working through that right now,” said Angela Price, who works in the city’s Community & Neighborhoods department. “Our planning division is certainly working on an ordinance that would speak to… tiny homes within a land use table.” Other municipalities in Utah have begun addressing tiny homes within their code, too, as a housing market on steroids forces them to look at less expensive and smaller housing options.

KSL-TV found few options for tiny homes on wheels. Some RV parks with whom we spoke allowed them. Many RV parks are experiencing a massive boom in demand and have waiting lists for long-term spots more than 200 people deep.

Washington County told us they allow these units on rural recreational land.

Eagle Mountain was the only municipality we could find that allowed tiny homes on wheels within residential neighborhoods.

Some tiny homeowners we spoke with said they live outside the law, parking their homes on properties of willing landowners. They said they’re able to stay until neighbors complain and city code enforcement kicks them out.

A Step Towards Tiny Homes—Accessory Dwelling Units

Some cities have taken a different approach to smaller living, by incorporating accessory dwelling units, or ADUs, in their city codes.

Unlike tiny homes on wheels, ADUs come with more restrictions. They must be built on a foundation and be connected to sewer, water, and power lines.

Price says there are additional restrictions, like “off street parking, size, setbacks from property lines.” She said the city wants to “maintain the residential character of the neighborhood.”

Jason Coulam is the co-owner of Built By Design Construction which has been building ADUs for a couple years.

Jason Coulam shows the ADU he built in SLC

“We saw it as a really neat way of combining the good parts of permanent structures with the efficient, sustainable, really cool parts of tiny homes,” he said.

He built an ADU for a client in the Liberty Park neighborhood, which cost “between $220 and $270 per square foot,” he said.

This puts the ADU, which is larger than a tiny home at 640 square feet, at about $140,000 to $175,000 to build.

Tiny homes can be built for anywhere between $18,000 and $100,000+ depending on size and customizations.

If You Zone For It, Will They Come?

Some of the cities offering external ADUs have seen mixed response to their new ordinances.

Pleasant Grove said it’s only issued one ADU permit since changing its code several years ago.

Washington County had seen more demand. Their planning director told us they dropped the minimum square footage requirement on their books to allow for any size home. They have issued somewhere between 20 and 30 permits in the last few years.

Salt Lake City is required to file an annual report on ADUs. The city issued 33 permits in 2019 and 34 permits in 2020. The average size was 551 square feet. According to the 2020 report, only nine ADUs had been completed.

In its report, the city recommended multiple steps to increase ADU construction: remove or reduce zoning barriers, lower fees, and consider offering financial help to build more.

“We want to have housing choice for our residents,” said Price.

The final code for tiny homes in the capital city will likely use the proposed plans for the Other Side Academy tiny home village for unsheltered people as a template. The development is currently under public comment until September 30, with plans to break ground in March 2022.

Artist renderings of proposed Other Side Academy tiny home village for unsheltered

“We envision tiny homes within Salt Lake City that most likely would be clustered with other tiny homes,” Price said, “kind of creating a little community.”

Price explained parking a tiny home on your property may still not be allowed with code updates. People like Davis hope even more changes will come to city codes, offering more control and flexibility over where he is able to live. “If people had some of their property that they could use for other purposes, they could install something like RV hookups and rent to people like me,” he said.

KSL 5 TV Live

Top Stories

Unaffordable Utah

County leaders broke ground Friday to transform two public housing buildings into modern affordable...
Jed Boal, KSL TV

Work begins on 300 affordable housing units for Salt Lake seniors

Salt Lake County made a big move Friday to preserve and improve nearly 300 affordable housing units for seniors.
2 months ago
...
Ladd Egan, KSL TV

Home valuations jump dramatically, but watchdog group says to expect modest increase in property taxes

Assessors across Utah are finishing up home valuations for upcoming property tax notices, and two counties are already reporting big increases in values.
2 months ago
Utah's hot housing market...
Ladd Egan, KSL TV

Utah housing expert predicts pullback in activity because of mortgage rates

An expert in Utah’s housing market expects that rising mortgage rates will cause a pullback in real estate activity and a slowdown in home price increases.
2 months ago
...
Lauren Steinbrecher, KSL TV

SLC neighborhood townhall raises questions over Affordable Housing Incentives proposal

Thursday night, concerns arose at a community townhall in a Salt Lake City neighborhood over an affordable housing incentives proposal, that some worry is deeply flawed.
2 months ago
...
Ladd Egan, KSL TV

Unaffordable Utah: Budget-friendly family summer fun

After two summers of pandemic restrictions, Utah families are itching to have some fun. If inflation, gas prices, and sky-high plane tickets are taxing your budget, don't worry! KSL has the solutions.
3 months ago
...
Ladd Egan, KSL TV

National home builder confidence drops to two-year low

For the fifth straight month, national home builder confidence fell, according to the National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index.
3 months ago

Sponsored Articles

Types of Computer Malware and Examples...
PC Laptops

5 Nasty Types of Computer Malware and Examples | Everything You Need to Know to Keep Your Computer and Family Safe

Here are the different types of computer malware and examples that could potentially infect your computer.
tips how to quit smoking...

7 Tips How to Quit Smoking | Quitting Smoking Might be One of the Hardest Things You Ever Do but Here’s Where You Can Start

Quitting smoking cigarettes can be incredibly difficult. Here are 7 tips how to quit smoking to help you on your quitting journey.
Photo: Storyblocks...
Blue Stakes of Utah 811

Blue Stakes of Utah 811: 5 Reasons To Call 811 Before You Dig When Working in Your Yard

Call before you dig. Even at home, you could end up with serious injuries or broken utilities just because you didn't call Blue Stakes of Utah 811.
Days of...
Days of '47 Rodeo

TRIVIA: How well do you know your rodeo? Take this quiz before you go to the Days of ’47!

The Utah Days of ’47 Rodeo presented by Zions Bank is a one-of-a-kind Gold Medal Rodeo being held July 20-23, 25 at 7:30 PM. The Days of ’47 Rodeo How well do you know your rodeo trivia? Take the quiz to test your know-all before heading out to the Days of ’47 Rodeo at the […]
cyber security through multi factor authentication setup...
Les Olson IT

How multi factor authentication setup helps companies stay safe

Multi factor authentication (MFA) setup is an important security measure that every company should implement for their workers. It’s also wise to install it for your personal and home accounts.
...
Lighting Design

Check out these stunning lamps with stained glass shades

Lamps with stained glass shades are statement pieces that are more than simply aesthetic. They also meet a functional requirement: to light up a room.
No home for tiny homes: Living small hits roadblocks in Utah communities