WEATHER

Salt Lake sees first 100-degree day, here’s how it’s measured

Jun 13, 2024, 4:59 PM

Temperatures officially hit 100 degrees in Salt Lake City Thursday for the first time this year, wh...

Temperatures officially hit 100 degrees in Salt Lake City Thursday for the first time this year, which was measured by technology called the Automated Surface Observing System. (KSL TV)

(KSL TV)

SALT LAKE CITY — Temperatures officially hit 100 degrees in Salt Lake City Thursday for the first time this year.

The National Weather Service reports the earliest 100-degree day ever was June 4, 2021.

But the measuring of the temperature isn’t as cut and dry as you might think.

The NWS and Federal Aviation Administration have an expensive instrumentation located at the Salt Lake City International Airport called the Automated Surface Observing System, or ASOS, that measures all of the weather in Salt Lake City.

ASOS is also the technology behind those sun or storm cloud notifications that show up on your phone.

The unassuming gauges sit in a large field off the ground, and measure everything from temperature and dewpoint to water content of snow and cloud height.

“Generally, on a weather app, when you pull up the latest readings, it’s going to either be coming from this (airport station) or the station at airport two,” Darren Van Cleave,  National Weather Service meteorologist in charge, said. “Those are the only stations in the the valley that have the collection of equipment that can, for example, sense the present weather,” he said.

High-temperature readings are not as simple as just hitting a temperature and taking a reading.

A gauge takes a measurement once every 10 seconds and the daily high is recorded based on an average over five minutes. So, for example, it would have to hit 100 degrees three times in five minutes to officially hit 100 degrees in Salt Lake City.

The instruments also measure wind speeds, if there’s smoke or haze in the air, visibility, freezing rain, and cloud heights.

The station at the airport is a joint effort between the National Weather Service and the Federal Aviation Administration. Planes also rely on ASOS to get current conditions and forecasts.

Records and historical data are maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Climate Data Center in Ashville, NC, while technicians from Salt Lake City’s Weather Forecast Office maintain the equipment.

The station has been at the airport since 1928 but has moved several times.

The current ASOS instrumentation was installed in 1995.

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Salt Lake sees first 100-degree day, here’s how it’s measured